A film director
directs the artistic and dramatic aspects of a film. The role typically
- Defining the overall artistic vision of the film
- Controlling the content and flow of the film's plot
- Directing the performances of actors, both mechanically by putting
them in certain positions, and dramatically by eliciting the required
range of emotions.
- Organizing and selecting the locations in which the film will
- Managing technical details such as the positioning of cameras,
the use of lighting, and the timing and content of the film's soundtrack.
- Any other activity that defines or realizes the artistic vision
the director has for the film.
In practice the movie director will delegate many of these responsibilities
to other members of his film crew. For example, the director may
describe the mood he or she wants from a scene, then leave it to
other members of the film crew to find a suitable location, or to
set up the appropriate lighting.
The degree of
control that a director exerts over a film varies greatly. Many
directors are essentially subordinate to the studio.
directors bring a particular artistic vision to the pictures they
make (see auteur theory). Their methods range from some who like
to outline a general plot line and let the actors improvise dialogue
(such as Robert Altman and Christopher Guest), to those who control
every aspect, and demand that the actors and crew follow instructions
precisely (such as Alfred Hitchcock and Stanley Kubrick). Some directors
write their own scripts.
often work closely with film producers, who are responsible for
the non - artistic elements of the film, such as financing, contract
negotiation and marketing. Directors will often take on some of
the responsibilities of the producer for their films (e.g. Steven
Spielberg), or work so closely with the producer that the distinction
in their roles becomes blurred (as is the case with Joel and Ethan
of notable film directors