(or SFX) are used in the film and entertainment industry to create
effects that cannot be achieved by normal means, such as travel
to other star systems. They are also used when creating the effect
by normal means is prohibitively expensive, such as an enormous
explosion. They are also used to enhance normal visual effects.
visual special effects techniques exist, ranging from traditional
theater effects, through classic film techniques invented in the
early 20th century, to modern computer graphics techniques (CGI).
Often several different techniques are used together in a single
scene or shot to achieve the desired effect.
are often "invisible." That is to say that the audience
is unaware that what they are seeing is a special effect. This is
often the case in historical movies, where the architecture and
other surroundings of previous eras is created using special effects.
effects techniques (in rough order of invention):
in - camera effects -
matte paintings -
travelling matte -
prosthetic makeup effects
motion control photography
animatronic - models
Computer Generated Imagery
Notable special effects artists:
Derek Meddings -
Ken Ralston -
Douglas Trumbull -
Notable special effects companies:
Computer Film Company
Digital Domain -
Industrial Light and Magic
See also: computer graphics, postproduction - , stage props - ,